Phonics at Jubilee

Subject leader: Kim Harwood


Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language. Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of individual letters and how those letters sound when they’re combined will help children decode words as they read. Understanding phonics will also help children know which letters to use when they are writing words.

At Jubilee Primary School we use ‘Letters and Sounds’ complemented by strategies used from Read Write Inc. and Sounds Write, along with Jolly Phonics actions. We believe that Letters and Sounds is a linguistic phonics program that is effective in teaching pupils to read, spell and write. It begins teaching from what all children know from a very early age – the sounds of their own language. From there, it takes them in carefully sequenced, incremental steps and teaches them how each of the 44 or so sounds in the English language can be spelt.

Within this conceptual framework, we teach the factual knowledge required to become an effective reader and speller: the approximately 176 spellings that represent the 44 or so sounds in English, starting with the simplest one-to-one correspondences. We have adopted some praise techniques used as part of the Read, Write Inc phonics program, to ensure that our phonics lessons maintain good pace and maximise pupil participation and engagement.
Our phonics program teaches through the following five stages:

  • Phase 2 (Begin teaching in reception Autumn 1)
  • Phase 3 (Begin teaching in reception Autumn 2/Spring 1)
  • Phase 4 (Begin teaching in reception Summer 1)
  • Phase 5 (Teach throughout year one)
  • Phase 6, Support for spelling and Reading Masters (Teach throughout year two)

In Reception, children have daily teaching sessions for phonics and this continues into Key Stage 1. 
Each Phonics lesson in EYFS and KS1 should include the following sections:

  • Revise – Overlearn the previous graphemes and words
  • Teach – Introduce a new grapheme / words
  • Practise – Develop GPCs (grapheme phoneme correspondences) /read and spell new words
  • Apply – Use the new graphemes / words in games and activities to secure knowledge
  • Assess – Monitor progress within each phase to inform planning.

More information about how we teach phonics can be found here: add link to phonics policy.


Children’s progress in developing and applying their phonic knowledge is carefully assessed and monitored. This includes assessing the children’s subject knowledge of individual graphemes taught as well as their ability to blend and segment when reading and writing. 

In Year 1 children will take the phonics screening check. This usually occurs in the second week of June. This assessment will confirm whether individual pupils have learnt phonic decoding to an appropriate standard. Phonics screening check mocks are carried out early to identify children who need to be given additional support to meet the required standard. If a child does not reach the appropriate standard, then further support is put in place in order for the child to make accelerated progress with their reading and writing. Those children will then take the Phonics Screening Check again when in Year 2.

Home Learning
Parental involvement is key in the acquisition of Phonics. Each child in Reception and Year 1 receives home learning containing the tricky words and sounds of the week for children to practise. At the beginning of the year, children will be given the 45 reception high frequency words to take home as flashcards and Year 1 children are given the 100 High frequency words, which they are expected to be able to read and write by the end of the year as well as a Phase 5 sound mat. Children in Year 2 and KS2 common exception word lists which are sent home to support spelling.

Useful Phonics Links and Documents:

RWI Rhymes 

If you would like to find out more about the computing curriculum at Jubilee, please email and write F.O.A Kim Harwood and they will respond to the enquiry.